The point of this report was to figure out if hyperbaric oxygen therapy influenced Lyme illness due to the spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi. The spirochete B. Burgdorferi is a microaerophilic organism carried by the Deer tick (Ixodid) and moved to humans and other mammals by its bite. Symptoms routinely begin by a bulls-eye rash and erythema migrans.

Symptoms may perhaps incorporate discomfort in joints and muscle tissues, sore throat, fever, distended glands, and psychological “fogginess”. If not diagnosed in the very first 1 or two months, the illness may perhaps grow to be a lingering infection. At that point it seemingly becomes sequestered in fibroblasts and other cells which, in turn appear to shield it against successful therapy by all identified antibiotics so far tested. The illness is challenging to diagnose without having serological findings and desires the talent of a incredibly certified surgeon, seasoned in treating this illness.

Rationale:

It was shown by Austin the spirochete could not survive if transferred in air to a further host, but would survive if transferred in a gas mix of four% oxygen. This demonstrated the spirochete could not survive in an oxygen partial stress of 160-mm Hg ( the partial stress of oxygen in air ), but could survive in a partial stress of 30-mm Hg ( which is the partial stress of four% oxygen at 1 atmosphere, complete ( ground level stress )., it seems clear a lethal oxygen level for the spirochete lies in between thirty mm Hg, and 160 mm Hg. It is also identified that when the provoked partial stress of oxygen is roughly 160 mm Hg, at the tissue level, the partial stress of oxygen typically is roughly 30-35 mm Hg. Thus, it would not be predicted that respiring air at ground level would result in any harm to the spirochete.

Having said that, if the patient have been placed in a hyperbaric chamber and the stress elevated to two.

36 atmospheres, complete ( ata ), the total barometric stress would be 1794 mm Hg. If the patient have been then to respire pure oxygen the provoked partial stress of oxygen would be 1794 mm Hg. Provoked oxygen is watered down by carbon-dioxide and water vapor in the alveoli, so the arterial blood would be exposed to an oxygen partial stress of roughly 1700-mm Hg, and the tissue oxygen would be in between two hundred and 300 mm Hg. This clearly would be above fatal oxygen levels for the spirochete considering the fact that it is anticipated that oxygen routinely would diffuse all through all cells of the physique. This partial stress of oxygen can be securely accomplished in a hyperbaric chamber, and the sufferers can place up with this level for ninety mins or longer really effectively.

Protocol :

This investigation received approval by the College Academic Overview Board.

Subjects have been chosen from these referred by clinical consultants who have been seasoned in the therapy of Lyme illness. All subjects presented with a good diagnosis of this illness according to the CDC criteria, such as a good Western blot serology of the right bands. All had failed intravenous antibiotics, and a lot of have been continuing to deteriorate despite the fact that nonetheless on assorted antibiotics. Subjects have been offered a lecture on the use of the hyperbaric chamber, such as the dangers, and confirmed a waiver and release as agreed by the Belmont Report. They have been placed in the multiplace chamber and compressed to two.36 ata, whereupon a plastic helmet was placed more than the head and pure oxygen was administered. The oxygen flow pattern was such the topic impressed one particular hundred computer oxygen with every breath. Subjects managed to communicate with the attendant in the chamber as properly as with one particular a further. Remedy duration was sixty minutes on oxygen, and in most examples the therapies have been administered bid for five days followed by a two-day rest.

Quite a few distinct series have been attempted, beginning from ten therapies to thirty therapies. A single topic received 145 therapies more than the course of 3 months.

Final results :

Ninety-one particular subjects completed a total of 1,995 hyperbaric oxygen therapies, despite the fact that 9 have been eliminated later thanks to the presence of a further healthcare challenge not clear through their therapies. These other healthcare difficulties have been such products as babesiosis, ehrlichosis, hepatitis C, and formerly unidentified neurological difficulties. two subjects have been eliminated for the reason that of the improvement of septicemia from IV catheters, and one particular due to existing breast cancer, even though all three of them later showed an improvement of Lyme symptoms with hyperbaric oxygen administration. Topic evaluation was carried out by a shortened questionnaire taken from the common test employed by a lot of Lyme specialists as a portion of their evaluation.

This test was made so that nil reflected no symptoms, when 10 reflected grim symptoms. Although further statistical evaluation nonetheless is getting carried out, it appears that roughly 84.eight% of these treated showed heavy improvement by a reduce or elimination of symptoms. Only twelve subjects ( 13.1% ) claimed no clear advantage. Prior to therapy, the subjects had a median score of 114.12 ( of a probable 270 ), and just after getting treated they averaged 49.27. This reduction of 64.85 points was statistically heavy in a paired t-test ( p=.00 ). The variability of the scores from patient-to-patient fell as properly just after the therapy series. The common deviation of the scores was 56.00 prior to and 44.14 just after getting treated. The p-worth of this reduction is .057 in a Fisher's F-test. Additional, 58% of the respondents had score reduction of 41.86 points or additional. All except one particular of the 91 subjects created grim Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, usually appearing in the very first 5 days of the begin of hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Customarily, the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction continued across the series of therapies, and in many examples continued for at least a month just after the therapies have been completed. Most subjects then began to show key improvement that in some examples has continued for eight months.